vol 3 num 2


from VizMAP – letting you see where you stand…

Volume 3- Number 2
Contents

About VizMAP

VizMAP Pty Ltd, is a leading supplier of terrain Visualisation and related services to the defence, GIS, environmental, mapping, mining and exploration industries, engineering and construction firms, developers and planners, as well as government administration departments dealing with land, transportation and the environment.

VizMAP’s products are designed to be run on reasonably to highly configured graphics computers (PC, Linux and Unix) for public display, group training, mission rehearsal, environmental monitoring, etc. and to enhance management decision making. 

VizMAP is headquartered on Queensland’s Sunshine Coast (Australia) with affiliation in Asia, Europe, Africa and the USA and thereby provides support and services to customers worldwide. 

If you need to visualise anything geographic, e-mail VizMAP here with the details. 

For more information about VizMAP visit the VizMAP Web site at http://www.vizmap.com.au.

VirtualGeography
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A Moment’s Notice
"There is a theory which states that if ever anybody discovers exactly what the Universe is for and why it is here, it will instantly disappear and be replaced by something even more bizarre and inexplicable. There is another theory which states that this has already happened." — Douglas AdamsThis is funny too ;-)

VirtualGeography – the newsletter

G’Day… and Welcome to VirtualGeography
from VizMAP
Welcome to another free VirtualGeography from VizMAP Pty Ltd. 

Better late than never, and from now on in a printer friendly format…

VirtualGeography is a collection of interesting snippets from all over the shop, dealing with industry issues concerning the computer based visualisation of geography and a few other associated (or otherwise) interesting bits and pieces. You are receiving this either because you subscribed to VirtualGeography or you have had recent dealings with VizMAP Pty Ltd. If you do not wish to receive further instalments of VirtualGeography, just click on the unsubscribe link at the bottom of this e-mail. 

It is planned that a new VirtualGeography is pushed out every now and then when I’ve collated enough interesting bits and pieces, which shouldn’t be too big a drain on your mailbox if you’re not already subscribed (of course it won’t be a drain on your mailbox if you ARE subscribed, either This is funny ;-)). The regularity of the distribution may vary depending on what else is going on at VizMAP at the time. If you know of anyone who might like to get VirtualGeography, feel free to forward this to them and ask them to subscribe. By the way, subscription and unsubscription details are at the bottom (click here).

So, g’day to all you enthusiasts requiring to visualise and simulate both urban and rural geographic information (GIS), cartography, photogrammetry, remote sensing, digital elevation modelling (DEM) and general mapping.

By the spelling of "Visualisation" you may have already guessed that we’re not US based – that’s a good thing, or at least not a bad thing. This comes to you from Mooloolaba on the Sunshine Coast of Queensland, Australia, where it’s beautiful one day and perfect the next.

The link between visualisation and mapping may seem a little esoteric if this is your first encounter with this sort of stuff, but let me tell you, the bond is significant… but enough of that: on with the show… I hope you like it. Any feedback you might have is highly appreciated. E-mail me hereto make your comments.

Enjoy…

Graeme Brooke
VizMAP Pty Ltd

P.S. You’ll need an active internet connection to view any images that are in the content. We’ve done it this way to keep the size of the e-mail to a minimum.

 
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The Industry’s Two Cents Worth…

Tutorial on embedding virtual worlds in PDF file 
from VRSource
This tutorial details how to embed an interactive 3D media-rich virtual environment into a PDF file. The tutorial is focused on Adobe Atmosphere.

Since not everyone is aware of how or why a traditional 2D designer would want to incorporate media-rich 3D into their documents, I wanted to describe several good examples:

– Technical manuals for assembling products like a computer or a piece of equipment, are traditionally 2D sketches with written instructions, often distributed as PDF. An Atmosphere-enhanced version would be a PDF document that is embedded with 3D animations or interactive parts that show you how to assemble the equipment. The user could see the objects from different angles, see how it fits together, hear the snapping sound when it clicks together, etc. 2D instructions would still accompany the 3D, but the 3D would replace the flat sketch.

– Architectural walkthroughs to show the client their new home or office n a PDF, are a great professional application. The advantage over line drawings and sketches is obvious. Also the user could have the ability to make minor changes to the 3D layout or simple things like wall colors. All right inside of a PDF document.

– Have you ever seen one of the little books with the acetate layovers that show the Parthenon as it is now, and with the overlay, as it was in ancient times? PDF lets you achieve something similar using layers. But in a PDF embedded with Atmosphere someone could tour the Parthenon in 3D as it is now and then switch views, to see how it was at it’s glory. And read along with the accompanying text.

– In Simulation and Training the primary media is usually an operations manual, often distributed as a PDF. Imagine a PDF training manual for controlling a nuclear reactor: Press the blue button, then the yellow button and then pull the lever. Now Imagine an Atmosphere enhanced PDF that gives you the written instructions and also lets you actually try the sequence. If you do it incorrectly, the reactor goes critical. If you follow the sequence in the right order and timed correctly, the control rods are reinserted and the nuclear reactor powers down. 

Read that full story here
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Hardcore Stuff (hardware bits)…

New NVIDIA Scene Graph Technology Streamlines and Accelerates 3D Content Development 
from nVidia
NVIDIA Corporation (Nasdaq: NVDA) unveiled its new Scene Graph Software Development Kit (NVSG SDK) that allows developers to optimize their applications to exploit the latest professional graphics processing hardware.  The NVSG SDK is an object-oriented programming library (C++) that simplifies and speeds the development of high-performance 3D applications.  The library also provides a comprehensive set of classes developers may combine and extend to create fast and reliable graphics applications. 

"NVIDIA’s scene graph is intended to empower developers to quickly create sophisticated and thoroughly modern high-performance 3D graphics applications," said Dan Vivoli, executive vice president of marketing at NVIDIA.  "NVSG is highly extensible, GPU-centric, shader aware, operating system and graphics API independent, and cluster and multiprocessing/multi-threading aware.  With all of these attributes, developers can expect NVSG to be a contemporary and future proof scene graph technology." 

NVSG may be used to develop high-performance 3D applications for visual simulation, manufacturing, simulation-based design, scientific visualization, broadcast video, architectural walk-throughs, and computer-aided design, among others.  By offering the most advanced features and innovative techniques, NVSG is designed to enable developers to make optimal use of both NVIDIA Quadro® graphics hardware performance and sophisticated feature set.  For added flexibility, usability, and operating system independency, NVSG currently operates on top of the OpenGL® application programming interfaces (API) in either 32-or 64-bit Microsoft® Windows® or Linux operating system environments.  NVSG is architected to allow for the integration of other rendering platforms such as Microsoft® DirectX®.

Read that full story here
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Softcore Stuff (software and data bits)…

TerraSim Releases TerraTools Version 2.0.1
from TerraSim
TerraSim has released Version 2.0.1 of TerraTools®, its 3D geospatial visualization software for Windows. This release contains 14 significant new features and a rollup of over 50 maintenance updates since the release of TerraTools 2.0 in January 2004.

Version 2.0.1 contains increased efficiency and new options for several nodes including Build DEM, Import CIB and GeoTIFF, and significant speed improvments for several nodes which create integrated triangulated irregular networks (ITIN’s), the highly efficient terrain surface representation developed by TerraSim. 

Enhancements have also been made to TEdit, the TerraTools feature editor, TAedit, the TerraTools feature appearance editor, and the OmniWizardTM which was introduced in 2.0.

TerraSim’s TerraTools Plug-in for SOCET SET® has been updated to support the latest BAE Systems SOCET SET 5.1 release, with continued support for earlier versions of SOCET SET beginning with 4.4.0. 

TerraTools users can look forward to an upcoming release of TSGFlyTM , the TerraTools visual database viewer, with many new features including flood plane visualization, 3D measurement tools, camera zoom, and point labeling. In addition, a release of TerraTours® 2.0 with significant enhancements for advanced geospatial query and database linkage is scheduled for the 4th quarter, 2004. 

Version 2.0.1 of TerraTools, along with revised 2.0 Users manuals, Tutorial manuals, and Batch mode manuals have been shipped at no charge to TerraTools users under a TerraSim annual maintenance agreement. Version 2.0.1 is the current release for all new TerraSim customers and training classes for version 2.X have been revamped to reflect significant TerraTools improvements.

Read that full story here
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A Recent Outing…

Surat 
from VizMAP
Introduction

The World Energy Congress (WEC) was held in Sydney, 5th – 9th September, 2004. A major exhibitor at the WEC was "Invest Australia", an initiative of the Australian Federal Government (see http://www.investaustralia.gov.au/) and had representatives from Australia’s key players in the "Energy Industry".

They were The Australian Sustainable Industry Research Centre (ASERC), The Centre for Energy and Greenhouse Technologies (CEGT), The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), The NSW Department of Energy, Utilities and Sustainability (DEUS), The NSW Department of State and Regional Development (DSRD), The Energy Supply Association of Australia (ESAA), Invest Australia, Ilum-a-Lite, Latrobe Valley, Northern Territory Government, Queensland Government, Department of Primary Industries and Resources, South Australia (SA), The Sydney Convention and Visitors Bureau (SCVB), Surpac Minex Group (SURPAC), Sydney Gas Ltd, T3Energy, UCC Energy Pty Ltd and Western Australia Department of Industry and Resources.

The Queensland Government component of the booth consisted of a high-end Hewlett Packard graphics workstation driving a 48" plasma screen with a smaller flatpanel monitor running in conjunction. The plasma screen was also hooked up to a DVD player thus enabling both computer driven interactive "fly throughs" and "canned" demos on CD and DVD. 

VizMAP was there as the technical consultant for the Queensland Government, having just completed and delivered 4 interactive 3D Fly-through databases of Queensland’s Surat Energy Province. These were commissioned by the Queensland Department of Natural Resources and Mines (QDNRM) to be demonstrated at the WEC (and subsequently to interested investors).

Surat Energy Province

Located in southern Queensland, the Surat Basin contains enormous energy resources in the form of thermal coal and gas, and remains largely undeveloped. The region has the potential to support large-scale mining and energy developments and become a significant regional energy and industrial province.

To realise this potential and create the "Surat Energy Resources Province" of the future, major infrastructure investment is firstly required.

The Queensland Government and Invest Australia are working together to promote the potential of the Surat Energy Resources Province. The objective is to pave the way for the significant capital investment required to facilitate development projects in the Surat Basin area.

As custodian of the states natural resources, the Queensland Government has a responsibility to promote sustainable development that benefits the entire Queensland community. The Surat Energy Resources Province provides an excellent opportunity to invest in Queensland’s long-term economic future.

The capital investment, ongoing operating expenditure and payments associated with the long-term development of a large-scale domestic and export thermal coal industry would create thousands of jobs and provide a massive stimulus to the Queensland economy.

More broadly, the combined public and private investment in mines, railways, power stations and coal seam gas projects – together with the availability of coal seam gas water – is seen as a catalyst to general development activity. The Surat Energy Resources Province offers a chance to foster widespread advancement across the state’s economy and society in a similar way to the development of central Queensland over the last 40 years.

The Fly-Throughs using TerraTours

VizMAP was engaged by QDNRM to produce an interactive, "virtual", fly-through of the Surat coal basin, based on a complete orthorectified, colour-matched and mosaiced set of colourised Landsat 5 imagery (~12.5m pixels) and the Geosciences Australia 9" (~250m) DEM of the area. The subject area extended from Gladstone in the north to Brisbane in the south (a distance of about 450km) and west to encompass Miles, Theodore and Moura in the west (an east-west extent of about 350km).

The subject area was broken into three components. The eventual "Brisbane" database extends west from Stradbroke Island (off Brisbane) to include Millmerran in the west and north to Miles. The second "Wandoan" database encompasses most of the Surat Basin, from Wilkie Creek in the south to Moura in the north. The third database, "Gladstone", allows the user to fly north through the Bowen Basin from Dawson to Moura then east to the Port and City of Gladstone. A supplementary database was produced of just the Moura Coal Mine (50km north-south) using orthorectified aerial photography with a 1m pixel and a 5m DEM derived from ground surveys over the mine.

Supplemental to the basic "ortho-on-DEM" fly through were a number of GIS datasets, HTML data sheets, digital photographs, MPEG movies, PDF documents, maps, plans, imagery, topographical detail, etc. that were built into the databases as "queriable" data, i.e. the databases can be "interrogated" whilst the fly-through is being performed to return these documents. 

Visually, GIS polygons for coal basin extents, petroleum leases, mining leases, coal resource layers and mineral development licenses have also been incorporated as colour coded translucent "walls". These are all able to be interrogated to determine the original GIS attribution. 

Also, the 1:100K mapping layer and geological GIS layer have been incorporated as "subsurfaces". Using TerraTours "X-Ray" feature, one can drill down through the ground surface to query these layers to return the local geology and the available topographic mapping in the area.

Conclusion

The visual databases produced by VizMAP for QDNRM were seen to be a resounding success at the WEC, attracting many visitors and potential investors, drawn in by the 48" plasma screen: impressed with the clarity, smooth frame rate and extraordinary detail of the Virtual Surat Energy Province. 

Click on these small resampled images to view the full screen images on the VizMAP website. Bear in mind that these are just screen dumps from a dynamic, interactive, 3D "flythrough".

If you would like more information on this project, let VizMAP know

If you have a need to dynamically visualise your geographic data, let VizMAP knowyour requirements…
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OK, That’s Different…

Slide Rule Still Rules   
from Wired News
It was the only technological tool widely and continuously used for over three centuries. For math and science geeks it was a badge of honor, nestled neatly into a plastic pocket protector along with a handful of stubby pencils. 

And then, one dark day in 1972, with the advent of the pocket calculator, the slide rule went the way of the abacus. Why fiddle around with the arcane log scales and indexes required to use a slide rule when an inexpensive calculator required nothing more of its owner than the ability to push a few buttons?

But while a bright yellow plastic Pickett slide rule may no longer peek out of every engineer’s shirt pocket, these pre-silicon marvels haven’t disappeared. There are web pages, international organizations and entire businesses devoted to the collection and care of slide rules. 

Now, a new exhibit at Purdue University is drawing (small) crowds of people curious to see celebrity slide rules. Astronauts Neil Armstrong and Jerry Ross, along with about 200 other Purdue University alumni, have contributed their personal slide rules to the exhibit at their alma mater. 

"For centuries anyone who built anything of any magnitude would have had to use a slide rule," said James Alleman, a professor of civil engineering who began collecting the slide rules from Purdue alumni 15 years ago. "The slide rule ruled." 

The exhibit, on the first floor of the university’s Potter Engineering Center, features slide rules made of metal, wood, bamboo, paper and plastic, ranging in length from a few inches to 7 feet, neatly arranged in a series of panels that carefully document the history of the computational devices. 

The exhibit starts with Scottish mathematician John Napier, who in 1614 discovered the logarithm with which multiplication and division could be conducted using addition and subtraction. 

"(T)here is nothing that is so troublesome to mathematical practice, nor that doth more molest and hinder calculators, than the multiplications, divisions, square and cubical extractions of great numbers, which besides the tedious expense of time are for the most part subject to many slippery errors," Napier wrote in a book he published under the Latin title Mirifici Logarithmorum Canonis Descriptio (Description of the Marvelous Rule of Logarithms). 

Six years later, English mathematician Edmund Gunter created a number line in which the positions of numbers were proportional to Napier’s logarithms, and in 1632 fellow countryman William Oughtred used Gunter’s approach and invented the first slide rule. 

But, as slide rule collector Eric Marcotte points out on his dizzyingly thorough website, it took a considerable length of time to get from these early prototypes to the modern slide rule, which can be traced back most directly to Amédée Mannheim, who developed the basic 10-inch design and scale arrangement in 1850. 

Alleman said he began collecting slide rules out of personal interest and for a display to coincide with civil engineering’s centennial celebration in 1987. He ruefully admits his own first slide rule isn’t in the collection.

Read that full story here
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Whazzup Next – with 20/20 Foresight…

Stuff to look out for in October, November & December
 

Legend
Included in last issue…
Updated since last issue…
New since last issue…

This calendar of events has been collated from:

October 2004
30 Sep – 1 Oct 2004  ISPRS Council Meeting Istanbul, TURKEY
2-3 October SSI Queensland Central Group Conference Gladstone, Queensland, Australia
3-6 Oct 2004  International Conference on "Laser Scanner Application for Landscape Assessment – Instruments, Processing Methods and Applications"  Freiburg GERMANY
3-7 Oct 2004  FIG Regional Conference for Asia and the Pacific  Jakarta, INDONESIA
4-8 Oct 2004  55th International Astronautical Congress Vancouver, CANADA
6-8 October  International Conference on Cartographic Cutting-Edge Technology for Natural Hazard Management Dresden, Germany
October 6 – 8, 2004 17th Annual GIS in the Rockies Conference Denver, CO USA
October 6 – 9, 2004 Annual Meeting of the North American Cartographic Information Society Portland, Maine, USA
October 6 – 9, 2004 XXIV INCA INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE Kolkata, West Bengal, INDIA
7 October 2004 Fast & Furious Fall Partnering Conference Lakeland, FL USA
October 7 – 8, 2004  The South Florida Gis Expo W Palm Beach, FL 33401 USA
7-9 October  11th Annual AFAC (Australasian Fire Authorities Council) Conference & Inaugural Bushfire CRC Conference (combined event) – Are we prepared for future challenges? Perth, Western Australia 
7-8 Oct 2004  GGRS 2004 – 1st Goettingen GIS & Remote Sensing Days, Environmental Studies Goettingen, GERMANY
10-21 Oct 2004  International Conference on Radar Systems "RADAR 2004" Toulouse, FRANCE
10-21 Oct 2004  International Conference on Remote Sensing Archaeology Beijing, CHINA
10-21 Oct 2004  5th African Association of Remote Sensing of the Environment (AARSE) Nairobi, KENYA
October 12 – 14, 2004 agi2004 Chelsea Village, London, United Kingdom
October 12 – 14, 2004 GeoInt 2004 Symposium  New Orleans, LA USA
October 12 – 14, 2004 GIS for Emergency Response at Texas A&M Corpus Christi, TX, USA
13 October  GIS IRELAND 2004, Annual Conference & Trade Show Dublin, Ireland
13-15 October Intergeo 2004 Stuttgart, Germany
13-15 October Deutscher Geographentag 2004 Stuttgart, Germany
13-16 October 4th Trans Tasman Surveyors Conference Auckland, New Zealand
14-15 October Oilfield Services Market in Russia and the CIS Amsterdam, Netherlands 
October 17 – 19, 2004 Wireless Industry Congress 2004 Ottawa, Canada
October 17 – 20, 2004 ESRI International Health Conference Washington, DC, USA 
18-21 October  5th African Association of Remote Sensing of the Environment Conference Nairobi, Kenya
18-22 Oct 2004  12th Australasian Remote Sensing & Photogrammetry Conference  Fremantle, Perth AUSTRALIA
19 October 2004 Alabama Modeling & Simulation Council (AMSC) Fall Event Huntsville, Alabama, USA
19-21 October 2004 The Huntsville Simulation Conference Huntsville, Alabama, USA
19-22 Oct 2004  8th Congress in Surveying and Cartography — TOPCART 2004  Madrid, SPAIN
October 20 – 22, 2004 SWUG Conference 2004 "Taking GIS to Higher Peaks" Telluride, CO USA
October 20 – 22, 2004 MS Gulf Coast Geospatial Conference 2004 Biloxi, MS, USA 
October 20 – 23, 2004 GIScience 2004  University of Maryland , MD USA
October 20 – 24, 2004 27th Annual Applied Geography Conference St. Louis, MO, USA
21-23 October EnviroInfo Symposium 2004-18th International Conference Informatics for Environmental Protection Geneva, Switzerland
25-27 Oct 2004  CIPA International Workshop on Vision Techniques Applied to the Rehabilitation of City Centres  Lisbon, PORTUGAL
27-28 October  Geomatics 2004 : A Strategic Choice Montréal, Québec, Canada 
27-29 October  24th Urban Data Management Symposium Chioggia, Venice, Italy
October 27 – 29, 2004 AGIC 2004 GIS Education and Training Symposium Prescott, AZ USA
28-29 October  IMTA Map Fair and Conference (Asia Pacific Region) – New Frontiers/New Horizons/New Challenges Fremantle, WA Australia
29-30 October SSI Queensland Northern Group Conference Townsville, Queensland, Australia

November 2004
3-7 Nov 2004 Asian Conference on Remote Sensing 2004 Cheng, Mai, Thailand 
4-5 Nov 2004  International Symposium "Modern Technologies, Education & Professional Practice in Geodesy & Related Fields" Sofia, Bulgaria
4-5 Nov 2004 DDS Data Days 2004 Prien at Chiemsee, Germany
6-07 November Int. Symposium ‘Modern Technologies, education and professional practice in the globalising world Sofia, Bulgaria
November 7 – 10, 2004 URISA Annual Conference  Reno, NV USA
8-10 November  19th Annual European Conference for ESRI users Copenhagen, Denmark
8-11 Nov 2004  4th SPIE International Asia-Pacific Environmental Remote Sensing Symposium: Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Ocean, Environment, and Space Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
11 November  Newtech Conference Ararat, Vic 
11-12 November  ePSINet Policy Conference on re-use of Public Sector Information in Europe Corfu Palace Hotel, Corfu, Greece
11-13 November  INGEO 2004 and FIG Regional Central and Eastern European Conference on Engineering Surveying Bratislava, Slovak Republic
12-13 November  12th International Symposium of ACM GIS Washington D.C., U.S.A. 
15-18 Nov 2004  SHRUG 3rd Annual GIS Workshop "Mapping Our Future" Tallahassee, FL, USA
15-19 Nov 2004  XI Latinamerican Remote Sensing and Spatial Information System Symposium Santiago, CHILE
18-20 Nov 2004  ISPRS WG V/6 International Workshop on "Processing & Visualization using High-Resolution Imagery" Pitsanulok, THAILAND
21-24 November  24th Annual ALGIM (Association of Local Government Information Management) Conference Taupo, NZ
21-25 Nov 2004  ISPRS Council and TCPs Joint Meeting
 
Chiang Mai, THAILAND
22-25 November  9th International CARIS User Group Conference and Educational Sessions Washington D.C., U.S.A.
22-26 Nov 2004  ACRS 2004 Chiang Mai, THAILAND
24-25 Nov 2004 map&guide Developer Days Karlsruhe, Germany
29-30 November  24th Annual Emergency Management World Australia – Prevent, Respond, Recover Sydney, NSW Australia
30 Nov-1 Dec  Exhibition and Conference Emergency Management World Australia 2004 Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre, Sydney
November 30 – December 3, 2004 Autodesk University 2004  Las Vegas, NV USA

December 2004
30 Nov-1 Dec Exhibition and Conference Emergency Management World Australia 2004 Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre, Sydney
November 30 – December 3, 2004 Autodesk University 2004  Las Vegas, NV USA
December 1-3, 2004 ESRI Mid-Atlantic User Group  Silver Spring, MD USA
December 1 – 3, 2004 GEOdiffusion 2004 Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
2-3 December  Emergency Management World Australia 2004 Brisbane Convention and Exhibition Centre, Queensland, Australia
4-7 Dec 2004  ISPRS WG I/4 International Conference on "Advanced Remote Sensing for Earth Observation; Systems, Techniques, and Applications"  Riyadh, SAUDI ARABIA
6-8 December  International Symposium on GPS/GNSS Sydney, NSW, Australia
6-9 December 2004 I/ITSEC Orlando FL, USA
7-9 December  2004 ESRI Middle East User Conference Dubai, United Arab Emirates
9-10 December  The 4th International Conference and Exhibition "Laser scanning technologies. From survey to 3D product delivery" Moscow, Russia
9-10 December 2004  4th International Conference and Exhibition "Laser scanning and digital aerial survey. Today and tomorrow" Moscow, Russia
9-10 December 2004 Standardization in the cadastral domain Bamberg, Germany

 
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A Parting Gesture…Smile... it's free.

The Bacon Tree 
From Grime
There are two Mexicans who have been lost in the desert for weeks, and they’re at death’s door. As they stumble on, hoping for salvation in the form of an oasis or something similar, they suddenly spy, through the heat haze, a tree off in the distance.

As they get closer they can see that the tree is draped with rasher upon rasher of bacon. There’s smoked bacon, crispy bacon, life-giving juicy nearly- raw bacon, all sorts.

"Hey, Pepe" says the first bloke "Ees a bacon tree!!! We’re saved!!!"

"You’re right, amigo!" says Pepe.

So Pepe goes on ahead and runs up to the tree salivating at the prospect of food. But as he gets to within five feet of the tree, there’s the sound of machine gun fire, and he is shot down in a hail of bullets.

His friend quickly drops down on the sand and calls across to the dying Pepe.

"Pepe!! Pepe!! Que pasa hombre?"

With his dying breath Pepe calls out… "Ugh, run, amigo, run!! Ees not a Bacon Tree!"

"Ees… a…. Ham bush"

Smile... it's free.
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…that’s all, folks! (for now).